Alessandro Brogi's A Question of Self-Esteem: The United States and the Cold PDF

By Alessandro Brogi

ISBN-10: 0275972933

ISBN-13: 9780275972936

Using archival fabrics from all 3 international locations, this primary comparative learn of French and Italian family with the USA through the early chilly warfare exhibits that French and Italian targets of prestige, or status, crucially affected the formation of the Western Alliance. whereas recognition to outdoors appearances had a protracted historical culture for either eu international locations, the proposal was once compounded via their humiliation in international struggle II and their consequent worry of extra demotion. purely by way of selling an American hegemony over Europe may possibly France and Italy aspire respectively to realize continental management and equality with the opposite nice ecu powers. For its half, Washington rigorously calibrated concessions of mere prestige with the extra colossal problems with overseas roles.

A fresh pattern in either U.S. and ecu historiography of the chilly warfare has emphasised the function that America's allies had in shaping the post-World battle II foreign approach. Combining diplomatic, strategic, financial, and cultural insights, and reassessing the most occasions from post-war reconstruction to the center jap crises of the overdue Fifties, Brogi reaches significant conclusions: that the us helped the 2 allies to recuperate adequate vanity to deal with their very own decline; and that either the French and the Italian leaders, with consistent strain from Washington, gradually tailored to a inspiration of status not dependent completely on nationalism, but additionally on their ability to advertise, or perhaps grasp, continental integration. With this specialise in snapshot, Brogi eventually indicates a historical past to cutting-edge altering styles of diplomacy, as civilizational values turn into more and more very important on the cost of extra common indices of financial and army power.

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Additional info for A Question of Self-Esteem: The United States and the Cold War Choices in France and Italy, 1944-1958

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New York: Simon and Schuster, 1997 (Huntington however exaggerates the importance of religious revivals) and Immanuel Wallerstein, Geopolitics and Geoculture: Essays on the Changing World System. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. 1 Invitation and Pride One of France’s most celebrated monuments is the Arc de Triomphe. A network of broad boulevards, including the central Champs Élysées, radiate from the monument, enhancing its majestic presence. Few French would hesitate to elect this section of Paris as the architectural symbol of the nation’s grandeur and mission in the world, or mission civilisatrice, as they used to call it.

Assistant Secretary of State Breckinridge Long notified former Italian ambassador Prince Ascanio Colonna di Paliano, the Americans “ha[d] no quarrel with the Italian people,” only with their dictator. More than homage to the Italians’ honor and sense of democracy, this appeal to the ruled against the rulers was the kind of meddling in internal affairs Washington would normally use with a “client” state. S. Hegemony. In his search for rank and legitimacy, Badoglio was determined to mitigate the image of Italy as a helpless instrument of some greater power’s design.

Invitation and Pride 25 Even when the Italians admired foreign models, they did not simply deny Italian national identity but rather formed a curious symbiosis between their “nationalism” and those models. Italy could perhaps be seen as a microcosm of the Cold War. 39 But the political debate generally turned on which of the two models would guarantee Italy social justice and national rebirth and independence. As strangely vicarious as this nationalism may seem, it was founded on the presumption of the people and of their representatives alike that one or the other model could be absorbed, adapted, and even improved in the Italian way.

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A Question of Self-Esteem: The United States and the Cold War Choices in France and Italy, 1944-1958 by Alessandro Brogi


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