By Jørn Olsen, Kaare Christensen, Jeff Murray, Anders Ekbom
An advent to Epidemiology for health and wellbeing Professionals
Jorn Olsen, Kaare Christensen, Jeff Murray, and Anders Ekbom
Who will get unwell? What factors—genetic, environmental, social—contribute to their illness?
Easy adequate to invite, however the solutions have gotten more and more advanced. this present day, because the public concerns approximately rising illnesses and the observe epidemic is a part of the final dialogue, epidemiology might be a simple part of scientific education, but frequently it's undertaught or perhaps missed. Concise and readable whereas additionally rigorous and thorough, An creation to Epidemiology for health and wellbeing Professionals is going past average textbook content material to flooring the reader in clinical equipment so much correct to the present overall healthiness panorama and the evolution of evidence-based medicine—valuable keys to higher realizing of disorder approach, powerful prevention, and precise therapy. This volume:
- Presents fabric accessibly for readers who could have no longer studied epidemiology.
- Focuses both in descriptive and analytic branches of epidemiology.
- Demonstrates functions of descriptive and analytic tools in public healthiness, genetic epidemiology, and scientific epidemiology.
- Includes a "Sources of blunders" part addressing difficulties in inference and decision-making, choice bias, and different universal pitfalls.
In addition to its usefulness for graduate scholars in public well-being and scientific scholars in scientific epidemiology, An advent to Epidemiology for well-being Professionals is a well timed reference for practitioners wanting a refresher during this very important self-discipline.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Epidemiology for Health Professionals
We need to monitor incidence data over time to identify changes in their occurrence. If the incidence is increasing and we know the causes and know how to avoid them, prevention strategies may be applied. Comparisons of incidences between different areas have been used with great success to generate hypotheses on the etiology of diseases, and cancer rates vary, for example, largely between different geographical areas. Part of the reason for a variation could be a difference in genetic causes, but studies also show a large variation between similar ethnic groups or within an ethnic group where one part migrates from one country to another.
Assume an aggressive smoking cessation program that works for some smokers but makes other smokers continue smoking although they were prepared to quit the habit. If both groups are of equal size the attributable fraction of the smoking cessation program could be 0 and the etiologic fraction is represented by those who quit smoking because of the program. Notice, Graphical Models of Causal Links 33 however, that it makes little sense to talk about the cause of a disease when several component causes are in the field leading to the disease.
It would follow the diagram because it only illustrates a sequence of events. Depressions occur throughout the year and some will happen in the 2 weeks following Christmas due to chance alone. If we include a certain gene mutation in our definition of a given disease, then the mutation becomes 4 Causes of Diseases 25 a necessary “cause” of the disease whether it has anything to do with the disease or not. A sufficient cause is a cause that is always followed by the disease, but the disease may have other causes as well: D E We have only few such examples, but a lack of iron or vitamin B in the diet (E) and anemia (D) could be such causes.
An Introduction to Epidemiology for Health Professionals by Jørn Olsen, Kaare Christensen, Jeff Murray, Anders Ekbom