By Singh, Rajendra, Rajendra Singh
South Asia is domestic to quite a few languages and dialects. even if linguists engaged on this zone have made major contributions to our knowing of language, society, and language in society on a world scale, there's as but no well-known overseas discussion board for the trade of principles among linguists engaged on South Asia. the once a year ReviewГ‚В of South Asian Languages and Linguistics is designed to be simply that discussion board. It brings jointly empirical and theoretical examine and serves as a trying out floor for the articulation of recent principles and ways that could be grounded in a examine of South Asian languages yet that have common applicability. each one volumeГ‚В will have 4 significant sections: I. Invited contributions together with state of the art essays on study in South Asian languages. II. Refereed open submissions targeting suitable matters and supplying quite a few viewpoints. III. reviews from worldwide, ebook reports and abstracts of doctoral theses.
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Additional info for Annual Review of South Asian Languages and Linguistics: 2007
Measure words are elements such as ‘cup’ in ‘two cups of tea’: (14) du kap ca wo cup tea ‘two cups of tea’ 26 Probal Dasgupta and Rajat Ghosh (15) tin bOsta gOm three sack wheat ‘three sackfuls of wheat’ (16) Ek camoc cini one spoon sugar ‘a spoonful of sugar’ It has long been known that measure words are analogous in some respects to classifiers and massifiers. In the literature on Eastern Indic, there seem to be no formal proposals about their categorial identity. cup, for ‘the two cups of tea’ What requires our attention is the fact that the string does exist, within (19): (19) amra ca du kap khete pari we tea two cup drink can ‘We can drink two cups of tea’ However, /ca/ ‘tea’ is here a moved constituent occupying a clausal A-bar position and binding an adjunct trace in the nominal [t [du kap]] ‘t two cup’.
Imagine our surprise, however, when we found the same structure occasionally in our monolingual data from Turkey (cf. Example 1c). Apparently, there is more variation in Turkish than we thought, and accusative is perhaps marked less consistently in contexts of lesser transitivity. We don’t really know very well, since the spoken vernacular is under-researched in Turkish linguistics. Note that grammaticality judgments, Singh’s suggested remedy, probably won’t help here: every Turkish speaker, certainly in Turkey (having been exposed to school teachers), will identify (1a) and (1c) as ungrammatical.
Since linguistically speaking it makes little sense to define norms prescriptively, norms can only be descriptive generalizations of how people in a given community speak. However, especially for the types of communities we may wish to empower with endo-normative norms, we don’t know all that much about how they speak. We know some features of their speech, mostly the ones that are eyecatching, such as codeswitching and deviations from the outside norms, but we don’t know how systematic their codeswitching is, how systematic the ‘deviations’ (that is, their innovative or changed features) and how systematic their use of the structures shared with the outside norm.
Annual Review of South Asian Languages and Linguistics: 2007 by Singh, Rajendra, Rajendra Singh